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Теория зависимости: ее разработка и вклад в международные отношения

https://doi.org/10.46272/2409-3416-2021-9-1-32-49

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Аннотация

Ряд ученых в своих последних исследованиях отмечают, что международные отношения – это дисциплина, в основном, сформировавшаяся на основе современного европейского политического опыта и философских воззрений, хотя она предлагает решать международные проблемы. Различные критики указывают на евроцентрический характер теории МО или утверждают, что современная история Европы не может должным образом осветить прошлое и настоящее незападных регионов. Пытаясь превратить МО в дисциплину международного значения, ученые из незападных регионов внесли свой определенный вклад в ее развитие. Это научное направление также стремится предложить более корректное объяснение ситуации, сложившейся в соответствующих регионах. Хотя латиноамериканская теория зависимости не получила широкого признания в качестве полноценной теории МО, в этой статье автор утверждает, что она может внести добавочное знание в эту теорию. Статья разделена на три раздела. В первом разделе излагаются два критических подхода к европоцентризму в международных отношениях и его теориям. Во втором кратко представлены взгляды исследователей, работающих в данном направлении (т.н. Dependentistas – Фернандо Энрике Кардозу и Энцо Фалетто, Руй Марини и Самир Амин, хотя последний и является французом египетского происхождения), а также позиция Экономической комиссии ООН по странам Латинской Америки и Карибского бассейна. В третьем разделе автор доказывает, что теория зависимости может способствовать развитию теории МО тремя способами: (1) признавая, что проблемы и, следовательно, интересы не являются универсальными, она подчеркивает необходимость локальных решений локальных проблем; (2) она позволяет уделить дополнительное внимание нетрадиционным участникам, таким как транснациональные компании и внутригосударственным экономическим/ финансовым группам; (3) она оценивает международную арену в качестве иерархического образования, порожденного соперничеством по линии центр-периферия.

Об авторе

В. Ленгрубер
Католический университет Петрополиса
Бразилия

Витор Ленгрубер – исследователь.

25685-100, Рио-де-Жанейро, Петрополис, ул. Барао до Амазонас, 124



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Для цитирования:


Ленгрубер В. Теория зависимости: ее разработка и вклад в международные отношения. Ибероамериканские тетради. 2021;9(1):32-49. https://doi.org/10.46272/2409-3416-2021-9-1-32-49

For citation:


Lengruber V. Teoría de la dependencia: desarrollos y contribuciones de las Relaciones Internacionales. Cuadernos Iberoamericanos. 2021;9(1):32-49. https://doi.org/10.46272/2409-3416-2021-9-1-32-49

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